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401 Obit: Clarion Democrat Sept. 25, 1913: Wallace A. Young, aged 52 years, died at his home in West Freedom, Perry Township, on Saturday evening, Sept. 20, from typhoid fever. Mr. Young was a member of the M.E. church. He is survived by his wife and two daughters, Nellie and Verda at home. His father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. George Young, of West Freedom, one brother and three sisters also survive as follows: Isaac Young and Mrs. William Vasbinder, of Phillipston; Mrs. William Cochran, of New Athens, and Mrs.Newell Gates of Perry township. Funeral services were held at the late home of the deceased on Monday afternoon at 2 o'clock by Rev. W. P. Lothian, pastor of the Callensburg M.E. church. Interment was made in the West Freedom cemetery.

(Above information furnished by Linda Walls) 
Young, Wallace (I1198)
402 Obit: Mrs. Luella Walls. Mrs. Elizabeth Louella Walls, wife of the late Elmer P. Walls, died at her home in Porter township, Friday, January 26, 1940 at 10 o'clock a.m., following an illness of the past eight months. Her husband preceeded her in death January 30, 1937. Mrs. Walls was the daughter of David and Ellen Stewart of Perry township, Clarion county. She was born July 20, 1868, being at the time of her death, 71 years, 6 months and 6 days of age. She had been a resident of the commnunity in which she died for the past 36 years and was an active member of the Squirrel Hill Presbyterian Church and of the Missionary Society of that church. Surviving are three sons and three daughters, namely: Frank M. Walls at home; Clyde G. Walls of New Bethlehem, R.D.; Raymond S. Walls of Rimersburg; Mabel M. Walls of Butler; Mrs. Blanche Hoover of Rimersburg, R.D.; and Mrs. Ethel Ferguson of Lawsonham. Twelve grandchildren and the following brothers and sisters also survive: T. M. Stewart, S. C. Stewart of Rimersburg; John Stewart and Mrs Emma Young of West Freedom; Mrs. George Reichard of Perryville, and Mrs. Louis Fuller of Midway, Pa. Funeral services were held from the home Monday at 2:00 p. m. conducted by Rev. Gerald Palmer, the deceased's pastor. Interment under the direction of Mortician C. B. Stewart was made in the Rimersburg cemetery. Card of Thanks: We deeply appreciate and will hold in grateful remembrance all our friends and neighbors for their kind and sympathetic assistance during the illness and death of our beloved mother, Mrs. Luella Walls. The Children.

(Above information furnished by Linda Walls) 
Stewart, Elizabeth Louella (I0481)
403 Obit: Mrs. Mildred E. Walls, of R3, New Bethlehem, died in the West Penn Hospital, Pittsburgh, on Friday, July 12 at the age of 60. She was born October 24, 1902 in Porter Township, Clarion County, a daughter of William E. and Pearl Hepler Pence. She was married to Clyde G. Walls on October 31, 1923, who survives. Mrs. Walls was a member of the Leatherwood Presbyterian Church. The following children survive: William Walls, of South Hamilton, Mass.; Leroy Walls, of Valpariso, Indiana: Mrs. William Oliver of Verona; Mrs. Nelson Hamler, of Allison Park, and Mrs. Otis Procious, of R4, New Bethlehem. Other survivors include 13 grandchildren, Mrs. Harry Swartzfager, of R3, New Bethlehem; Mrs. Arthur Henry, of R1, New Bethlehem; Mrs. Ed Goheen, of Strattanville; Almo {Alma} Pence, of New Bethlehem, and Clarence Pence of Brockway. Services were held at the Leatherwood Presbyterian Church Monday, July 15, at 2:00 p.m. with the Rev. James V. Mountain officiating. Burial followed in the Leatherwood Presbyterian Church cemetery.

(Above information furnished by Linda Walls) 
Pence, Mildred Emma (I3802)
404 Obit: Oil City Derrick Oct. 15, 1968: Mrs. Mary Goldie Hartman, 86, of Sligo RD 1 died in her home at 9 p.m. Monday. She was born in Toby Township in May 17, 1882, daughter of Calvin and Elizabeth Cooper Stewart. She was married to William Allen Hartman and he preceded her in death in 1936. Mrs. Hartman was a life-long resident of Toby Township and a member of the Cherry Run United Presbyterian Church. Survivors include a daughter, Mrs. Elwood (Ruth) Smith of Sligo RD 1; two grandsons and a granddaughter; two nieces and one nephew. She was preceded in death by a daughter and a brother. Friends may call after 2 p.m. today at the family residence and attend funeral services there at 2 p.m. Thursday. Rev. James W. Cummings III, pastor of the Cherry Run United Presbyterian Church will officiate. Interment will be made in the Cherry Run United Presbyterian Cemetery. Hawk Funeral Home in Sligo is in charge of arrangements.
Stewart, Mary Goldie (I0598)
405 Obit: RIMERSBURG - Carl C. Stewart, 75, died Sunday after a lingering illness. He was born October 13, 1889 in Porter Township, Clarion County, the son of Seth C. and Elsie Polliard Stewart. Mr. Stewart was married to Gertrude Moody, who died in 1916. Surviving are: two daughters, Mrs. Harold (Louise) Williams of Petrolia and Mrs. Ford (Edna) Rickel of Youngstown, Ohio: a son, Thomas Stewart of New Kensington: two sisters, Mrs. Byron (Florence) McDonald and Mrs. Earl (Elsie) McDonald, both of Butler: a brother, Gale Stewart of Rimersburg RD 2; 10 grandchildren and 10 great-grandchildren. Friends are being received at the Ronald W. Moore Funeral Home in Rimersburg. Funeral services will be held at 2 p.m. Wednesday in the funeral home. Rev. Paul E. Miller, pastor of the Rimersburg Union Church of Christ, will officiate at the services. Interment will be in the Oak Grove Cemetery in Porter Township. Stewart, Carlton Craig (I1178)
406 Obituary
Added by metalpig313 on 29 Sep 2007
Ralph L. "Skin" McKinney, 92, of Sligo, died at 12:30 a.m. Friday, Nov. 2, 2001, at his home in Toby Township, Clarion County. Born Feb. 24, 1909, in Sligo, he was a son of Fred and Catherine Beers McKinney.

He served in the U.S. Army during World War II and fought in the South Pacific, stationed on the island of Okinawa.

Mr. McKinney had owned and operated McKinney's Market for 40 years in downtown Sligo. Following his retirement from the grocery business, he owned and operated three antique shops, "The Country Village Shoppes," in downtown Sligo during the past 25 years. Mr. McKinney was a substitute rural mail carrier for 22 years, working out of the Sligo Post Office. An avid horseman, Mr. McKinney bred and showed Arabian horses; had owned and operated McKinney's Saddle & Tack Shoppe in Sligo; was a member of the Sligo Saddle Club; and was a member of the Clarion County Horsethiefs. He was a member of the Sligo Methodist Church. Active in community affairs, Mr. McKinney served as a Sligo Council member and was a member of the Elliott-Gathers-McKee American Legion Post in Sligo. Mr. McKinney was an avid hunter and fisherman.

He was married in 1937 to the former Geraldine H. "Jerry" Wilson, who died Nov. 3, 2000, after 63 years of marriage. Surviving are a son, Roy McKinney, and a daughter, Meda Belle McKinney, both of Sligo. It was Mr. McKinney's wish to be cremated. There will be no visitation. The Richard D. Hillis Funeral Home, Rimersburg, is in charge of arrangements
McKinney, Ralph Leroy (I0439)
407 Obituary - Gary Stephen McKinney

Gary Stephen McKinney, 55, of St. Petersburg, died Tuesday, April 15, 2008, in UPMC Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Born June 17, 1952, in Allegheny Valley Hospital, Tarentum, he was the son of the late Karle D. McKinney and Adean Ruth Willman McKinney, who survives in Brookville.

He was a 1970 graduate of Allegheny-Clarion Valley High School and earned a bachelor of science degree in education in 1975 from Clarion State College.

Mr. McKinney owned and operated Allegheny-Valley Memorials since 1984 and took great pride in his work, often meeting with families in their home to customize each monument to their specific needs.

He was most definitely a unique and one of a kind person. When he was a boy he would travel the woods around St. Petersburg and collect all sorts of things. He had a fascination with history and the Civil War, especially one particular soldier named J.J. Ashbaugh. In fact in those woods he found J.J.'s Civil War Pin.

Mr. McKinney resurrected Clarion County's oldest piece of fire fighting equipment which was a hose cart that was rotting under an old tree. The St. Petersburg Fire and Hose Cart can be seen at the St. Petersburg's local museum.

He developed a love of local oil history from his boyhood adventures. He collected pictures, books and memorabilia his entire life. The results of all his work and much research are the three editions of his book, "Oil on the Brain." His latest book, published in December 2007, describes the oil boom and excitement in Clarion, Butler and Armstrong counties.

Mr. McKinney was a Boy Scout and earned the distinction of Eagle Scout in 1967. He was a member of the St. Petersburg United Methodist Church and enjoyed attending Sunday school there. He also was a member of the Camby Lodge No. 520, F.&A.M., of St. Petersburg.

As far as politics were concerned, he was the mayor of St. Petersburg for many years and had always been interested in politics and definitely cast his votes with convictions.

Some of his other interests were in his collection of Mustang cars, antiques, dogs and his "cabin" in the woods.

On March 26, 1977, he married his wife, Helene Mae Longenecker, who survives.

Also surviving are three children, Meagan Leah McKinney of St. Petersburg, Chelsea Elizabeth McKinney of Pittsburgh and Joel Stephen McKinney of St. Petersburg.

He also is survived by one brother, Mark A. McKinney of Brookville; three aunts; and numerous nieces and nephews.

Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Saturday in the St. Petersburg United Methodist Church with the Rev. Dan Myers officiating.

Interment will follow in St. Petersburg Cemetery.

Memorials may be made to the St. Petersburg United Methodist Church, St. Petersburg, 16054, or to the Venango County Humane Society, Deep Hollow Road, Franklin, 16323.

Arrangements are under the direction of the McKinney Funeral Home, 345 Main St., Brookville.

(Source - Oil City Derrick) 
McKinney, Gary Stephen (I4007)
408 Obituary for Byron Melvin Hawk
Added by hawksdomain on 9 Jun 2009
Byron Hawk, hit by auto, dies in CGH

In serious condition since he was struck by an automibile Wednesday evening, Byron M. Hawk, 67, of 1037 Kenneth Ave., New Kensington, died at 12:46 yesterday (Jan. 15, 1970) in Citizens General Hospital, New Kensington.

The elderly pedestrian was struck by an auto in Locust Street near Kenneth Avenue, New Kensington and suffered a broken pelvis, a compound fracture of the left leg and possible concussion. He was in the intensive care unit of the hospital.

Mr. Hawk was born Feb. 21, 1902, in Rimersburg to the late Frank and Margaret Burford Hawk.

A resident of New Kensington for thepast 50 years, Mr. Hawk was a retired employee of General Electric Co. (now Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp.), New Kensington where he had 42 years of service.

He was a member of Loyal Order of Moose 53 and Fraternal Order of Eagles 533, both in New Kensington.

Mr. Hawk leaves a daughter, Miss Patricia Hawk, at home, a sister, Mrs. Vae Carey of New Kensington, and one grandson. His wife, Margaret H. Hawk, died March 20, 1959, and a son, Byron F. Hawk, died March 9, 1965.

Friends may call after 7 p.m. today in the Ross G. Walker Funeral Home, 217 Freeport Road, New Kensington, where a service will be conducted at 3 p.m. Sunday. The Rev. Arnold Slagle, former associate pastor at United Methodist Church of New Kensington will officiate. Burial will be in Lakewood Memorial Gardens, Dorseyville.

All Members and retirees of IUE Local 602 of Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp. will assemble in the Walker Funeral Home at 7 p.m. today to pay respects.

Members of Loyal Order of Moose Lodge 53 will meet in the funeral home at 8 p.m. tomorrow to participate in a memorial service.

Fraternal Order of Eagles 533 will go to the funeral home at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow.

Additional information about this story 
Hawk, Byron Melvin (I4215)
409 Obituary: Funeral services were at 11 a.m. Monday from the Russell C. Schmidt and Son Funeral Home in Erie for Francis S. Burns, 67, of 6820 Wattsburg Road, Erie, formerly of Sligo, who died Oct. 31, 1974, at his home. Born January. 29, 1907, in Clarion County, he was the son of the late Lonzo and Mabel Mc Naughton Burns.He was married to the former V. Avonell McKinney, who survives. Mr. Burns had resided in Erie for the past 26 years.He owned and operated the Burns Service Station, the Burns Mobile Home Park and the Burns Twisty Freeze Dairy Bar, al on Wattsburg Road. He was a member of the Prince of Peace Lutheran Church in Erie, Sligo Lodge 387 100F, the East Erie Turners and St. Boniface Ushers Club.In addition to his widow, he is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Maxine Lerch of Erie; three grandchildren, Arthur and Michael Lerch of Erie and Mrs. Fred (Stephanie) Eaton of New London, Conn.; three great-grandchildren, one sister, Mrs. Preston (Dauphine) Blair of Sharon, and two aunts, Mrs. Mildred Dixon of RD. Sligo and Mrs. Minnie Murray of Rimersburg.The Rev. John W. Tickner officiated at the funeral services and burial was in Wintergreen Gorge Cemetery, Erie. Burns, Francis S. (I2696)
410 Obituary: Hartman Rites on February 19

Funeral services were conducted from the Guy M. Hawk Funeral Home, on Tuesday afternoon, February 19, 1952, at 2:00 o'clock for David Howard Hartman. 79, highly respected Sligo resident, who died of a heart attack, February 16, 1952.

Rev. Fox, pastor of the Mount Zion Lutheran Church, officiated and was assisted by Rev. Paul Dunlap, pastor of the Sligo Methodist Church. Burial was made in the Mt Zion Cemetery.

Mr Hartman's death occured in the Butler Memorial Hospital where he had gone to visit his wife, who had undergone an operation. (gall bladder)

Born October 14, 1872 at Mt Airy, he was a son of the late Lewis and Ellen Humphrey Hartman. On August 3, 1893, he was married to Olive Maude Reichard, who survives.

He also leaves eight children, Lottie B. Dixon, Russell R. Hartman, Herman R. Hartman, Myrna P. McCall, Grace L. Fagley, Elsie E. Thompson, Mrya A. Best and Evelyn G. Neely, 29 grand children and eight great grand children. Two children, Mabel and Arnold are deceased. Mr Hartman was a member of the Mt Zion Lutheran Church and was devoted and faithful to the church of his choice.
Hartman, David Howard (I4207)
411 Of Mountcastle, County Tyrone, Ireland. Galbraith, Archibald (I4275)
412 Oil City Derrick - Jan 21, 1930—SLIGO NEWS by Don Mahle
Friday evening January 10, the patrons of Sligo Milk plant and Sligo business men who assisted in accuring the milk plant were guests of the Otto Milk Co. at the milk plant at an oyster supper. The company gave away many prizes.
Mr. and Mrs. F.R. Allis of Tylersburg were Sunday guests of their daughter and her husband, Mr. and Mrs. William Smathers.
Burton Slater of Kittanning spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Charles Slater.
J.J. Nail and D.E. Lowe were in Oil City last Tuesday.
Dolly Brinker and Charlotte Brown of Franklin attended the basket ball game in Sligo Tuesday evening.
Miss O'Neil spent the weekend at her home in Baden.
Mrs. Charles Weeter, who has been quite ill, is better.
P.O. Wyman, Floyd Greenawalt and Virginia McKee motored to Pittsburgh Saturday and visited the Presbyterian hospital where Virginia takes an X-ray treatment.
Mrs. W.M. Heeter visited her mother at Tyrone Monday. Mrs. Oliver is not so well.
Mrs. Mary Stewart of Rimersburg, visited her mother, Mrs. Weeter, Monday.
Leo All** and Lloyd McCloskey of Tylersburg visited the former's sister, Mrs. William Smathers Saturday evening.
The Ladies' Missionary society at the Presbyterian church had its annual opening of mite boxes just Friday evening. A play entitled "Clubing a Husband" was given by home **. Refreshments were served. More than 100 attended.
The Builders' class of the M.E. Sunday school met with Mrs. R.A. Callen last Wednesday evening. Eight members were present. Officers were elected for the ensuing year. Refreshments were served.
Mr. and Mrs. William Wensel, Mrs. Kennemuth and Mrs. Keefer of Clarion spent Friday evening with Mrs. Wensel's sister, Mrs. J.B. Henry.
Mr. and Mrs. J.L. Chick of Pittsburgh spent a few days recently with Mr. and Mrs. R.A. Callen.
Mr. and Mrs. Hunter Bashline spent Tuesday at Oil City with their daughter and husband, Mr. and Mrs. Herman Silves.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert McDonald, Mrs. Thomas Courson and Betty spent the week end at Kittanning as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. John Stewart.
Sligo basketeers won both games Tuesday evening from Strattanville. They are doing well as last Tuesday evening they won three games. One was when the youngsters played Clarion and the regulars Foxburg and the boys' team made Union work for their game last Friday evening.
Mrs. J.H. McKinney spent several days last week at Reynoldsville.
Mrs. Ira Snow of Curllsville visited Mrs. John Hartle Saturday.
Mrs. Ed Myers from near town has spent the past two weeks with her sister, Mrs. George Jones, who has been ill.
Mrs. Rose Callen is visiting her brother, A.J. Mooney, at Warren.
Mr. and Mrs. West Whitten of Franklin and Ralph McKinney of Kensington were Sunday guests of their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred McKinney.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Kline of Rimersburg were Saturday evening guests of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Bennett.
Mrs. Orville Myers is seriously ill at her home with pneumonia.
Betty Burns who is employed at the Pittsburgh was here over the week end.
Miss Eva Johnston from Clarion spent Sunday with her sister, Mrs. Charles Slater.
Miss Margaret Berrean returned home Friday after a four weeks stay at Pittsburgh.
Mrs. Gertrude Bishop of Pittsburgh visited her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.H. McKinney Wednesday night.
Mr. and Mrs. R.D. Silves and son, Hunter
Stewart, Rosa Linda (I0002)
413 Oil City Derrick, Monday, February 28, 1966
Sligo - Dimple Marie Burns of Sligo, a member of many women's organizatins, died Saturday in her home. She was 67. Born January 18, 1899, in Callensburg, she was the daughter of John and Elizabeth Flak Beer. She married Homer Burns. He preceded her in death in 1933. Mrs. Burns was a member of the Methodist Church of Sligo and the CIC Class and the Women's Society of Christian Service of that church. She also was a member of Lady Priscilla Rebekah Lodge of Sligo, the American Legion Auxiliary of Sligo and the Democratic Women's Club of Clarion.
One son, two daughters, one sister and one brother preceded her in death. Removal was made to the Hawk Funeral Home in Sligo, where friends may call from 7 to 9 p.m. today and until the time of services Tuesday. Funeral services will be conducted at 2 p.m. Tuesday in the funeral home, with Rev. David Griffith, pastor of the Sligo Methodist Church, officiating. Interment will follow in the Sligo Cemetery.
Beer, Dimple Marie (I4087)
414 Oil City Derrick, Monday, June 15, 1964

Dr. William C. Stewart, 73, of Bluff Ave., Parker, who practiced medicine in Parker for more than 40 years, died Saturday in the Butler Memorial Hospital. He was born in the Parker area, a son of the late William and Sarah Cooper Stewart, and had lived his entire life in this vicinity. Dr. Stewart graduated from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. He was a member of the Clarion County Medical Society and the American Medical Association. Dr. Stewart was a member of the Parker Presbyterian Church and had served as a church elder for many years. He also was a member of the Masonic Lodge in Parker. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Rita B. Stewart; two sons, Dr. W. C. Stewart Jr. of Kalamazoo, Mich., and Richard A. Stewart of Chevy Chase, Md., and seven grandchildren. Friends will be received from 2 to 4 and 7 to 9 p.m. today in the Presbyterian Church in Parker. Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Tuesday in the church with Rev. John Wineman of Butler officiating, assisted by Rev. Arthur Babbitt, pastor of the Parker Methodist Church. Interment will be in the Presbyterian Cemetery at Parker. Funeral arrangements are in charge of the Fred S. Bowser Funeral Home, Parker. The family has requested friends to make a donation to their favorite charity (in lieu of flowers).
Stewart, William Cooper (I0427)
415 Oil City Derrick, Monday, November 17, 1969

John Frank Mohney, 85, of Craig Street, Rimersburg, died at 7:15 a.m. Saturday in the Bonetti Convalescent Home in Harrisville following a short illness. He was born in Madison Township, Clarion County, July 20, 1884, a son of the late Mannessa and Elizabeth Hiwiller Mohney. Mr. Mohney was a retired coal miner. He worked and lived in the Rimersburg area a major portion of his life. He was the husband of Nancy Stewart Mohney who died in 1923. Mr. Mohney was a member of the United Church of Christ of Rimersburg and of the United Mine Workers of America local union No. 1305 in Rimersburg. Surviving are two daughters, Mrs. James (Frances) Fowler of Rimersburg and Mrs. Fred (Bernadine) Reddinger of Clarion; five grandchildren, eight great-grandchildren; one step son, Thomas Campbell of Jamestown, N.Y.; two step daughters, Mrs. Herbert (Iva) Campbell of Jamestown, N.Y. and Mrs. Paul Miriso of Tarentum; a brother, George Mohney of New Bethlehem RD and five sisters, Mrs. Alice Rotenberger of Oil City, Mrs. Catherine Swartzfager of Clarion, Mrs. Ida Fox of New Bethlehem RD, Mrs. Ella McMaster of St. Petersburg, Pa., Mrs. Nellie Smith of Mercer. Several nieces and nephews also survive. Friends will be received from 2 to 4 and 7 to 9 today in the J. D. Miller Funeral Home in Rimersburg where funeral services will be held at 2 p.m. Tuesday. Rev. Paul E. Miller, pastor of the United Church of Christ, will be in charge. Interment will be in the Squirrel Hill cemetery.
Mohney, John Frank (I3907)
416 Oil City Derrick, Monday, October 5, 1964

Arthur Ardell Stewart, 55, of Rimerburg RD 1, a Clarion County commissioner, died Sunday afternoon in the family residence following a short illness. Mr. Stewart, a farmer in the Madison Township community a major part of his life, was born in Toby Township, Clarion County, July 29, 1909, a son of the late Thomas M. and Helen Slack Stewart. His wife, the former Mary Fowler, survives. Mr. Stewart had lived in Madison Township for the past 50 years and was sworn into office as commissioner January 1, this year. He was a member of the United Church of Christ in Rimersburg and a member of the church consistory. He also was a member of the Rimersburg Lions Club. Surviving, in addition to his widow, are two daughters, Mrs. Gary (Mary K.) Culbertson of Butler and Miss Kristen Stewart, at home: two grandchildren; four brothers, Bryan Stewart of Rimersburg RD 1, Bruce Stewart of Rimersburg, Eugene Stewart of Long Island, N.Y., and Edmond Stewart of Philadelphia; four sisters, Miss Betty Stewart of Pittsburgh, Miss Marjory Stewart of Los Angeles, Mrs. Ralph (Ruth) Thompson of Clarion and Mrs. Cloy (Pauline) Gahagen of Darlington, Md., and a number of nieces and nephews. One daughter, Margie, is deceased. Friends will be received at the family residence after 4 p.m. today and until 1 p.m. Wednesday, when removal will be made to the United Church of Christ in Rimersburg, where friends may call from 2:30 to 3:30 p.m. and attend funeral services at 3:30 p.m. Wednesday. Rev. J. W. Cummings, pastor of the Sligo United Presbyterian Church, will officiate. Interment will be in the Rimersburg Cemetery. The family requests that donations be made to the memorial fund of the United Church of Christ, in lieu of flowers. Funeral arrangements are in charge of the Miller Funeral Home, Rimersburg.
Stewart, Arthur Ardell (I1194)
417 Oil City Derrick, Saturday, May 9, 1964

Mrs. Nettie S. Miller, 51, widow of Dr. Connell H. Miller, was found dead by a relative Thursday afternoon in her home in Sligo. The time of death was set at approximately 10 a.m. Thursday. Her death was ruled due to natural causes. She was born in Toby Township, Clarion County, December 16, 1912, a daughter of M.V. O. and Margaret Rimer Stewart. She and Dr. Miller were married in 1941. He died in September 1963. Mrs. Miller was a member of the Sligo Presbyterian Church and the Dorcas Class of the Church. She also was a member of the Ladies Auxiliary to the Sligo Post of the American Legion, the Ladies Auxiliary to the Sligo Fire Department, the Auxiliary to the American Medical Association and the Ladies Auxiliary to the Veterans of Foreign Wars. She is survived by her mother, Mrs. Margaret Stewart of Sligo; three sisters, Mrs. Glenn (Lydia) Slaughenhoupt of Sligo RD, Mrs. Thomas (Eleanore) Leachman of El Paso, Texas, and Mrs. James (Nancy) Chandler of Rimersburg RD, and two brothers, Alan Stewart of Rimersburg RD and James Stewart of Sligo. Friends may call at the Hawk Funeral Home, Sligo, from 2 to 4 and 7 to 9 p.m. today. Funeral services will be held in the funeral home at 3 p.m. Sunday with Rev. J. W. Cummings III, pastor of the Sligo Presbyterian Church, officiating. Interment will be in the Sligo Cemetery.
Stewart, Nettie Pearl (I3685)
418 Oil City Derrick, Saturday, October 10, 1964

Mrs. Mary Belle Cristen, 89, died at her home on Main St., Rimersburg, Friday morning. She was born July 13, 1875, in Toby Township, the daughter of Sarah and Eli McCall. In 1901 she was married to L. B. Stewart, who preceded her in death in March 1923. She was married to Herbert Cristen in 1938. He preceded her in death in 1944. Mrs. Cristen was a member of the Cherry Run Methodist Church. Surviving are one son, Clinton E. Stewart of Rimersburg and three grandchildren and five great grandchildren. A daughter, Evelyn Lawson, preceded her in death in 1954. Friends may call at the Ronald W. Moore Funeral Home in Rimersburg. Funeral services will be held at 2 p.m. Sunday with Rev. Ralph Eckert officiating. Interment will be in the Rimersburg Cemetery.
McCall, Mary Belle (I1637)
419 On 17 August 1616 a James Galbraith Sr. and a James Galbraith Jr. of Rateine, a townland in Donegal, were granted denization. (Scotland and England, including Ireland, were two separate countries. Denization conferred the rights of English citizenship on Scottish settlers in Ireland.) Those who have studied the history of the Galbraiths during the Plantation, including me, believe that these two James Galbraiths were James Galbraith of Balgair, the father, and his oldest son, another James. The younger James would have been born a year or two after his parents' 1593 marriage and would have been just 2l. As was normal in such proceedings, the names of minor sons and a wife, if she were still alive, would not have been listed, but they would have been included in the denization.

In a 1945 book on the Wrays, a leading Donegal family, author Charlotte Violet Trench discussed "a very ancient tombstone that lies in the churchyard of Mullibrack in County Armagh," which was inscribed, "James Galbraith, Gudman of Balgair who departed this Lyfe the 3 of No. Anno domini 1618." (Mullibrack adjoined the large land grant at Markethill in Armagh given to Sir Archibald Acheson.) In an article in a 1985 issue of the Red Tower 40 years later an article based on research by Patricia D' Arcy, a respected English researcher in Galbraith genealogy, reported that the gravestone actually read "James Acheson Galbraith, Gudman of Balgair" and stated further that this James Galbraith was a tenant on the Acheson land grant. Some believed that this was the senior James Galbraith who had received denization 2 years earlier in Donegal. I was skeptical because James Galbraith of Balgair was well-born and I did not believe would have been an ordinary tenant on Sir Archibald Acheson's land grant. Not only was I skeptical that James Galbraith was a tenant, but I also doubted his name as reported in 1985. While today it is common for an individual to bear two family names (as my middle name is Galbraith and my last name Colwell), such a use of two family names for a man was unknown in those times.

It was also suggested that he was not an ordinary tenant but rather the land agent or overseer on that land grant, another suggestion of which I was skeptical because there was no evidence whatsoever that he ever held such a position.

Pat D'Arcy never saw the gravestone, I later learned, but talked with a retired, elderly former warden of the Mullibrack church, who reported that he remembered the "Acheson Galbraith" inscription on the gravestone, which had itself long since disappeared. But the archaic spelling of the inscription reported by Trench seemed more credible. Trench, however, didn't say she had seen the gravestone. Where had her information come from?

Finally it dawned on me. In the in the late 1800s and early 1900s a small army of volunteers went to thousands of Irish graveyards and copied all the gravestone inscriptions they found before those inscriptions were lost to time and the elements. Most often those inscriptions were printed in a series of volumes entitled "Memorials of the Dead" published from 1888 to 1930. I thought information about the gravestone of James Galbraith, Gudman of Balgair might be found in one of those volumes. However, T.G.F. Paterson (b.1888 d.1971), later the first curator of the Armagh County Museum in Ulster from 1935 to 1963, wrote separately and extensively about the Mullibrack church. With the help of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City I obtained the film which contained more than 100 pages of notes he made regarding that church, including lists of those buried there, gravestone inscriptions and other memorials to those who had passed away, and much church history, lists of all the vestrymen church expenses, and so forth.

When I looked at that film, sure enough, Trench's report of the inscription was correct and James Galbraith did not have Acheson as his middle name. Mr. Paterson made a drawing of the gravestone of James Galbraith, which is reproduced here. This drawing was probably made in 1926 before he became curator of the museum,

The inscription on the tombstone reads: "HAER LAYIS IN TOJM THE BODY OF JAMIS GALBRAIT GUUDMAN OF BALGAIR WHA DEPARTIT THIS LYFE IN THE 3 OF NO ANNO DOMINI 1618 ANNO AETATIS SUE," (The last three words mean "in the year of his age," I suspect those who carved tombstone inscriptions were often illiterate - note the backwards "n" which is the third such error I have seen in Galbraith gravestone inscriptions of the 1600s, Someone gave those inscribers a pattern and they simply carved it.

Probably it was standard practice to inscribe "Anno Aetatis Sue" on all graves; so it was done here. And then the carver found out James Galbraith's birth date was unknown, so there is a blank space on the tombstone.

On the tombstone there are the three bears' heads, The Galbraith coat of arms contains a bear's head; so these three bears' heads may indicate that the individual buried here was of a chiefly line, which was true of the Balgair Galbraiths; there was also an hourglass; a skull and crossed bones; and the words "MEMENTO MORI" ("Remember you shall die").

In his neat (and somewhat difficult to decipher) handwriting Mr. Paterson wrote "GALBRAITH OF BALGAIR;" "Guudman;" "All who held their lands of a subject [meaning unclear], though they were of very large, and their superiours [ancestors?] very noble were only called Good-men from the old French word Bon-homme, which was the title of the master of the family." "[Science of Heraldry, Pages 13 and 14]." "The Galbraiths of Balgair came from Stirlingshire in Scotland." Then he gave some references to the history of James Galbraith.

(I had earlier found the word "Goodman" in The Oxford Universal Dictionary described as, among other things, "A man of substance, not of gentle birth; a yeoman, etc.;" and I was therefore skeptical that this James Galbraith was the son of Humphrey of Balgair and his wife, Isabel Cunningham. But I was wrong. Mr. Paterson's explanation of the word elevates somewhat the social position of James Galbraith, the Gudman.)

If this 1618 James Galbraith of Balgair was the elder of the two James Galbraiths who received denization in 1616 in Donegal, what was he doing far from home in Armagh? Discussing this point one day with Bill Gilbreath, he suggested offhand that perhaps James Galbraith was simply visiting Sir Archibald Acheson when he died. That seems to me possible, for there was clearly some family connection between the Achesons and the Galbraiths at that time.

Sir Archibald Acheson died in 1634 in Letterkenny, a town in Donegal. He had no landholdings and no known business in Donegal, 65-70 miles from his home in Armagh; perhaps he had gone there to visit brothers James Galbraith (now of Magevelin, a mile or so from Rateine) and Robert Galbraith (now of Dowish, perhaps 2 miles from Rateine), the sons of James Galbraith of Balgair. Both of their homes were near Letterkenny. In fact, James Galbraith of Mageve1in signed the 1634 funeral certificate of Sir Archibald Acheson as "a kinsman." If Archibald Acheson could possibly die while visiting those Galbraiths, perhaps their father had died in 1618 while visiting Acheson.

In 1638 James and Robert's younger brother, Humphrey, signed the funeral certificate of Sir Patrick Acheson, Archibald's son, "as being his kinsman." Some years later Sir George Acheson, second son of Archibald, served as overseer for the will of James Galbraith of Ramoran, the son of Robert Galbraith of Dowish. All are clues that there was a bond or family connection between those Achesons and Galbraiths. Exactly what that bond was had yet to be discovered.

Who had ordered this gravestone carved with the inscription and various symbols? If James, the Gudman, had in fact died on a visit to Sir Archibald Acheson, perhaps one or more of his sons had accompanied him and directed the making of the gravestone.

After considering all possibilities, including the reference to "James Galbraith of the House of Bogeare" in Bartram Galbraith's memorandum, I now think that James Galbraith, Gudman of Balgair, who died in 1618, was the son of Humphrey Galbraith of Balgair and Isabel Cunningham, the father of at least four sons of his own, and a direct ancestor of the 1718 Pennsylvania Galbraiths.

The Sons of James Galbraith of Balgair

James Galbraith of Balgair and his wife, Mary Buchanan, had at least four sons and a possible daughter. The sons of James Galbraith of Balgair were James, Robert, Humphrey, and William. The first three were well known, well respected, and well documented in various accounts and histories of Donegal in the 1600s. These Galbraiths were a leading Donegal family at that time. James served twice as a Member of the Irish Parliament and later as a Lt. Col. in the Lagan Army, which was a military force of Scottish immigrants in Donegal, mobilized to confront the Catholic Irish uprising in 1641, and which later fought a losing battle against the forces of Oliver Cromwell and Parliament. Robert was also a Lt. Col. in the Lagan Army. (There is a possibility that both James and Robert had previous military service fighting in the Thirty Years War on the Continent and were accorded high rank in the Lagan Army because of it.) Humphrey served as a minister in the Church of Ireland, an Anglican church, and rose to the senior position of Archdeacon. There are only a few references to William in the historical record and we know little about him, except that he is explicitly referred to as a brother to the others.

James had four daughters. Robert had two sons and two daughters: one son died young. The other son was James Galbraith of Ramoran, another Galbraith who served a term in the Irish Parliament. James of Ramoran had three daughters. His uncle, Humphrey, had three daughters. There were no sons in the historical record to continue the line.

With respect to the possible daughter, the will of James of Ramoran, son of Robert Galbraith of Dowish, refers to an uncle, Thomas Lucy. We know nothing of any Lucys in Galbraith history; Thomas Lucy must have been married to James of Ramoran's aunt, whose given name is unknown. That aunt could have been a sister of his father's, and sister to the other Galbraith brothers, or she could have been a sister to his mother, Jean Cunningham. We do not know the Cunningham genealogy. At any rate, there has so far been discovered no further reference to this aunt, the wife of Thomas Lucy

The 1718 Galbraiths were clearly a leading and well respected family when they arrived in Pennsylvania. They were elected to the colonial assembly and to such other positions as sheriff, justice of the peace, and coroner. They helped to found the Donegal Church, served as elders at that church, and represented their church at meetings of the Donegal Presbytery. If the important 1718 Pennsylvania Galbraiths were descended from that leading Donegal Galbraith family, how did that occur?

A Theory

I believe that the descent may well have been through a natural son, one born out of wedlock. I believe it very unlikely that brothers James and Humphrey and their nephew, James of Ramoran, had only daughters. Natural children were not uncommon in those days. James, 13th Galbraith Chief, had a natural son named Walter who later received "letters of legitimation" in 1558. Robert, 17th Chief, also had a natural son, Walter, whom he placed with a Helen Galbraith in Stirling. We only know of this natural son because he failed to pay Helen and in 1606 she brought suit against him for "twa zeirrs susteinment" of Walter, for which she received "three score sax punds money." So this Walter was born in 1604.

The histories and documents of the period make little or no mention of natural children. While natural children would certainly have been known to others, I think they were generally deliberately omitted from the historical record. Were it not for Helen's lawsuit, for example, we would be unlikely to know of 17th Chief Robert's natural son, Walter.

I have wondered if brother William Galbraith might have been a natural son of James Galbraith of Balgair. There are found very few references to him, while there are many to his brothers, James, Robert, and Humphrey.

I also wonder if the unnamed aunt, who married Thomas Lucy, if she were a Galbraith, might also have been a natural daughter, which could have been responsible for her being omitted in the historical record. There was also a genuine brother, Andrew, mentioned in Robert Galbraith's will, who had a son Humphrey, to whom Robert left 20 pounds "to put him to a trade." Neither Andrew nor his son, Humphrey, appears in historical accounts of the period. These Donegal Galbraiths were an elite family of members of parliament, landowners, army officers, and ministers and did not work at "a trade." Perhaps Andrew was the natural son of James Galbraith of Balgair and/or perhaps Andrew's son; Humphrey was a natural son. The family histories and accounts of the Galbraith brothers all indicate that James Galbraith of Magevelin had four daughters, all of whom, as it happened, married Hamiltons. But other less formal accounts state that there were two additional daughters, one of whom married a Sir Harry Echlin and the other a member of the Babington family. Were these two daughters natural daughters?

Others have claimed that a John and a Hugh were also brothers of James, Robert, Humphrey, and William. Perhaps they were natural sons as well. For that matter Elspet Galbraith, recorded in the 1665 Hearth Money Roll as living in Rateine, might have been the natural daughter of one of the Balgair Galbraiths, still living in the townland to which they had originally come in 1615.

James Galbraith, the paterfamilias of the 1718 Galbraiths, was born in 1666. From which one of the descendants of James Galbraith of Balgair might he have been descended? It might have been brothers James or Humphrey, both of whom had no sons according to the record. He might also have been descended from James of Ramoran, who was a wealthy man with no recorded sons. James of Ramoran was younger (b.1620-1630); he might barely have been the grandfather of 1718 James (b. 1666), or possibly he was his father. If he were his father, it would have been contrary to the limited evidence indicating 1718 James's father was a John Galbraith, but, as we have seen, the naming pattern was not always followed.

If a man had a legitimate son, he might not bequeath much to that son's illegitimate brother. But if a man had no legitimate son and a natural son he cared for, he might leave a lot to that natural son, particularly if all his daughters had married well. The descent then might have been from James Galbraith of Magevelin. Perhaps he had a natural son, whom he named John; and this John was the father of 1718 James Galbraith (named after his paternal grandfather), who in turn named his oldest son John. The descent might also have come from James of Ramoran, who was a wealthier man than his uncles. Probably the descent did not come from Humphrey, for there are no Humphreys among the descendants of 1718 James.

I don't think there was much stigma attached to natural children. I suppose the father arranged for the child to be cared for elsewhere. Their wives certainly would not want evidence of their husbands' behavior, or misbehavior, in their homes and probably just muttered "Men!" to themselves in disgust. If, then, James of Magevelin had a natural son whom he named John and to whom he bequeathed a substantial amount, he might perhaps have parked the boy in Newton Cunningham, where Sir John Cunningham, an uncle of Jean Cunningham Galbraith, brother Robert's wife, had received a sizable land grant.

If the descent were through James of Ramoran, he too might have parked the boy in Newton Cunningham, where his mother's uncle had established a village on his land grant. That could account for the reference to Newton Cunningham found in the history of Rebecca Galbraith, a daughter of 1718 James Galbraith (see below).

Perhaps such a natural son might have married well and/or his son, 1718 James Galbraith, the immigrant, might have done the same. That might have accounted for his apparent wealth when he arrived in Pennsylvania. Or, more speculatively, perhaps the Cunninghams of Newton Cunningham gave him a helping hand. Sir John Cunningham probably had no sons, for in the 1654 Civil Survey of Ireland the property at Newton Cunningham was owned by Sir John's co-heiresses, probably his daughters. If his property were still in their names and not in the name of any husbands, possibly they were unmarried and had no immediate heirs. If a natural Galbraith son became established at Newton Cunningham, and if he were a good man, might not those two co-heiresses have also left him some money? He was a relative; Cunninghams and Galbraiths had always been close in Scotland and in Ulster; and Sir John had made a success out of the property he acquired in his land grant and must have become fairly wealthy. So perhaps those two co-heiresses helped him. That is merely conjecture. There is no substantiation of it in the historical record.

So there is a theory. It is a reasonably plausible hypothesis, which may be proved or disproved when, hopefully, more of the actual historical record comes to light. If this theory is correct, we have charted the 1718 Galbraith immigrants in Pennsylvania from their origin in Balgair in Scotland through their stay of 100 years or so in Ulster to their arrival in America. It is possible another scenario could explain these facts, but I have been unable to come up with one.

In the meantime all we 60 CGA members who are descended from the 1718 Galbraiths might consider ourselves the natural descendants of James Galbraith of Balgair. (But I don't suppose we need letters of legitimation.(Source – Article by Dave Colwell, The Red Tower, Clan Galbraith Association, Vol. XXX, No 4, ISSN 1059-4264, August 2009)

the Gudman of Balgair, Scotland, James Galbraith (I4240)
420 On April 16, 1930 Thompson Werntz, age 39, a bookkeeper with the Pennsylvania Railroad, and his wife Martha Pearl Campbell, age 39, married 19 years,are residing in Burnham Borough, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania with their children; Martha Elizabeth, age 16, Helen Kathleen, age 11, and Virginia H., age 4 and 4/12's. Also residing with the family is Levi Gabriel Yost, age 68, father of Thompson. (Source - 1930 Federal Census of Pennsylvania) Yost, Thompson Werntz (I9744)
421 On April 20, 1910 Aldus Bortley Miller, age 47, occupation Merchant, General Store, is residing in Miller's Grove, Sligo Borough, Clarion County, Pennsylvania with his wife Fanny L., age 46, and their children; Anna M., age 23 and Benjamin F., age 18, occupation, laborer in a coal mine. (Source - 1910 Federal Census of Pennsylvania) Miller, Aldus Bortley (I3702)
422 On August 6, 2008 Betty Elza reported the following in the search for information of Elizabeth McKinney Delp.

"Here is what I researched today at the historical society, the courthouse, and the library.

Marrige Records in Clarion County do not go back to 1846. I checked today to make sure. It might be in a church record somewhere.

I found no obituary for Elizabeth McKinney Delp.

I found no obituary for Anthony McKinney. I thought since he died in 1901 and was a sibling, his obit might mention his siblings and parents.

Clarion Courthouse does not have a Birth Register from 1852-1854. It was burned in a fire. I thought it might have some births of Elizabeth's children that would name her and her husband.

Elizabeth Delp is listed in the Death Register. It says she was 70 years old, born in Centre Co, died Mar 27, 1894 in Porter Twp, cause of death was paralysis, duration of last sikness was 5 months (this is difficult to read but I think that is) Buried at Squirrel Hill Cemetery.

I found no will for John McKinney.

I did find two tax records in the Tax Assessor's Office. John McKinney paid taxes on 100 acres in 1843 and on 80 acres in 1854. His name was not in the Deed Index so I had no way to track this down."  
McKinney, Elizabeth (I0057)
423 On July 31, 1860 William T. Stewart, age 32, a farmer, is residing in Perry Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, with is wife Myrtilla, age 28 and their family; Benjamin, age 4, Roswell, age one. Also residing with the family is Michael Knox,age 16, listed as farmer. Michael's relationship to the family is unknown. Value of real estate is $2,500 and value of personal property is $750. (Source - 1860 Federal Census of Pennsylvania) Stewart, William Thomas (I0500)
424 On June 1, 1880 Martha Ellen Spangler Mack, age 27, is residing in Kellersburg, Madison
Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, with her father Michael Spangler, age 67, widower,
cabinet maker, and her brother David T., age 20, occupation, laborer and her son Eddie, age 8,
and her daughter Cora, age 6. (Source - 1880 Federal Census of Pennsylvania).

She had previously resided with her first husband, Ed Mack, probably in Kellersburg, Armstrong County,Pennsylvania, where their two children, Eddie and Cora, were born. She is not listed as a widow on the census information. It is fairly certain that her husband died before June 1, 1880. At this point,Barbara McKinney wife of Michael Spanger is dead. A question remains as to why Michael Spangler moved from Porter Township to Madison Township in Armstrong Count with his son David T. It may be that Ed. Mack owned the house and Michael moved in with the daughter and her family.

Martha Ellen married a second time to John Addison Campbell sometime around late 1880 or 1881 as their first child, William Campbell, was born January 1882.

There were a number of Macks and Campbells in Weatfield Township, Indiana County,
Pennsylvania and there were a number of marriages between the Macks and Campbells in the
early to late 19th Century. The earliest of these marriages is between Robert Mack Sr., born 1763,County Down, Ireland and Margaret Campbell, born 1769, County Down, Ireland. They were
married 1787 in County Down. They had 13 children, all of whom died in the United States. I was unable to find a Ed (Edward Mack) as one of their direct descendants but in all probability he may be from one of the early offspring. The reason I list it here is that it was not uncommon for a family to arrange for a widow's remarriage, especially if she had childen, and it may be that the Macks arranged for Martha Ellen to marry a Campbell. I have been unable to located any information on
either of these two marriages and list it here for future follow-up.

There is a John Campbell, born 1838, location and parents unknown, married to a Martha Mack (1842-1912) in Indiana County,Pennsylvania, listed in This is not the John Campbell married to Martha Ellen Spangler.

It is about 8 3/4 miles from the area around Leatherwood in Porter Township where Martha Ellen
resided with her father's family to Kellersburg, Madison Township, Armstrong County where she
resided with her husband E. Mack prior to his death. It is about 25 miles from Kellersburg to West Wheatfield Township in Indiana County where a number of Macks and Campbell's resided.
Martha Ellen was a young widow 28 years of age when her first husband died and left her with two
childdren. She was 40 years of age when her second husband died and left her with four children from that marriage. At that time the two Mack children from her first marriage were no longer residing with her and may have been sent to live with Ed Mack's family as she now had four children from her second marriage.

I wonder if either her first and/or second husband were coal miners and died as a result of a mine accident.

On June 23, 1900 Martha Ellen Spangler Sherman, age 47, is residing with her husband, Simon
Sherman, age 59, a coal miner, head of household and owner of the property, in Oak Ridge,
Redbank Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania with her children; William K. Campbell, age
18, a coal miner, Katherine B. Campbell, age 11, Martha Pearl Campbell, age 9, and John A.
Campbell, age 8. She has been married six years and had 10 children four of whom have died.
(Source - 1900 Federal Census of Pennsylvania)

On April 15, 1910 Martha Ellen Spangler, age 58, head of household, widow of Simon Sherman, is
residing in Derry Township (West District), Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, with son John A.
Campbell, age 18, Laborer in Iron Plant, Charles C. Eberly, age 32, son-in-law, Electrician in Steel Plant, Katherine B. Campbell Eberly, age 22, daughter, and Margaret E. Eberly, grand-daughter, age 1 2/12's. She rents the house. Has 10 children, six living. (Source - 1910 Federal Census of Pennsylvania)

I suspect that sometime prior to April 15, 1910, Martha Ellen moved to Derry Township with her married daughter, Katherine B. and her husband Charles C. Eberly. It may be that daughter, Martha Pearl accompanied them and married later in Derry Township. Alternatively she could have been married prior to the move but this would not appear to be the case.

In 1920 Charles C. Eberly and his family are residing in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. It would appear that Martha Ellen Spangler died sometime after 1910 and before 1920. There is a
reasonable degree that she may be buried in Derry Township, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania.
Alternatively she could have moved with her daughter and son-in-law to Deleware County and may be buried there. This will require further investigation. (Note to File - JP Rhein)

I searched the Civil War Records for individuals who served with the Union Army for Ed (Edward)
Mack and James Addison Campbell and there were no results. (Notes to File - JP Rhein)
Spangler, Martha Ellen (I2950)
425 On June 2, 1880 William Steel, age 45, a farmer, is residing in Toby Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, with his wife, Mary, nee unknown, age 24, and their children; Clarisssa, age 5, Albert, age 4, John A., age 3, Elnora, age 9 months andWilliam's mother, Jane nee unknown, age 72. (Source 1880 Federal Census of Pennsylvania) Steele, William (I3494)
426 On June 5, 1917 John Addison Campbell, born July 25, 1892, is residing at 1096 Ash Street, Johnstown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania, with his wife, name not given. He is employed as a First Helper, Open Hearth, with the Cambria Steel Co. He is tall, medium build, with brown hair. Source -World War I Draft Registration) Campbell, John Addison Jr. (I9604)
427 On May 5, 1910, Floyd L. McKinney, born January 29, 1909, is residing in Curlsville Borough, Clarion County with Nancy Caroline Ditty Divins, his maternal great-grandmother (Census Record lists her as his grandmother), age 73, and Millie Divins, her grandaughter, age 19. This would place Millie's date of birth around 1891-1892, I believe it was July 12, 1892 at Curlsville. There are no other individuals residing at that location.

(Source - 1910 Federal Census for Curlsville Borough, Clarion County, Pennsylvania)

Mildred V Divins 17, granddaughter, is a telephone operator for The Leatherwood Phone Company that served the area from Curlsville from 1905-1906 before relocating to Sligo about 1940.

The 1900 Federal Census for Curlsville Borough, Clarion County, Pennsylvania lists Nancy Divins, age 61, estimated birth year about 1839, mother born in Germany, as head of household with following occupants.
Iriah Divins 26
Maud Divins 22
Christene P Divins 20
Millie V Divins 9 (granddaughter)

At this time I am unable to identify the parents of Millie V. Divins

In 1920 Floyd L. McKinney is residing with his foster parents in Sligo, Clarion County, Pennsylvania.
Robert M McKinney 55
Nannie M McKinney 49
Hannah J McKinney 24
Floyd L McKinney 10 - Foster son
(Source - 1920 Federal Census of Pennsylvania)

A review of the Application for a Social Security Number under the U.S. Social Security Act shows that Floyd L. McKinney applied for and received number 465-14-5652 on November 7, 1938. His name is listed as Flash Jackson McKinney, 300 Texas Street, Fort Worth, Texas. He is unemployed. His date of birth is January 29, 1909 at Curlsville, Pennsylvania. His father is listed as Robert Morris McKinney. This is not correct as Robert Morris McKinney is his granduncle and is his foster father. His mother is listed as Mille Divins.

Social Security Death Index
Name: Floyd McKinney
SSN: 465-14-5652
Last Residence: 95838 Sacramento, Sacramento, California, United States of America
Born: 25 Jan 1909
Last Benefit: 95838 Sacramento, Sacramento, California, United States of America
Died: Jun 1974
State (Year) SSN issued: Texas (Before 1951 )

California Death Index, 1940-1997 California Death Index, 1940-1997
Name: Floyd J McKinney (Note that middle initial is J. not L.)
Social Security #: 465-14-5654 (differs from above)
Birth Date: 29 Jan 1909 (correct date)
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Death Date: 6 Jun 1974
Death Place: Tehama
(Source Citation: Place: Tehama; Date: 6 Jun 1974)

It would appear that Floyd L. McKinney changed his name on the initial social security filing to that which appears on the death records. 
McKinney, Floyd L. (I3664)
428 On September 11, 1999, I visited the Grove United Presbyterian Cemetery at West Middletown, Wshington County, Pennsylvania and observed a marker for 'Robert C. Stewart, died November 13, 1826 in the 3rd year'. This may have been a child of Galbraith Stewart II. (Note to file by J.P. Rhein) Stewart, Galbraith II (I0664)
429 Pennsylvania 1910 Miracode Index
Name: Frank McCall
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
State: PA
Age: 41
Color: W
Enumeration District: 0031
Visit: 0186
County: Clarion
Relation: Head of Household
Other Residents: Age Birth Place
Wife Anna 38 Pennsylvania
Son Paul B 12 Pennsylvania
Son Arland F 11 Pennsylvania
Daughter Grace 09 Pennsylvania
Daughter Hazel 07 Pennsylvania

1920 United States Federal Census
Name: Frank McCall
Home in 1920: Toby, Clarion, Pennsylvania
Age: 51 years Estimated birth year: abt 1869
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse's name: Aman
Father's Birth Place: Pennsylvania
Mother's Birth Place: Pennsylvania
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Sex: Male
Home owned: Own
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Image: 136

Frank McCall 51
Aman McCall 47
Paul V McCall 22
Hazel McCall 16
Jane McCall

Family F1099
430 Perry County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Perry County, Ohio Female Index To Marriage Records 1818-1914, Volume I: A-K (Junction City, Perry County, Ohio, USA: Perry County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 1992), page 121 Family F1326
431 Perry County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Perry County, Ohio Monday Creek Township Cemeteries (Junction City, Perry County, Ohio, USA: Perry County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 1995), page 39 Emerick, Maria Margaretha (I1560)
432 Perry County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, compiler, Perry County, Ohio Monday Creek Township Cemeteries (Junction City, Perry County, Ohio, USA: Perry County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 1995), page 39 Emerick, Maria Margaretha (I1560)
433 PROBATE: 10:11 #11382, Sunbury Cem ???, Magdalena (I1082)
434 PROBATE: Adm by son William (D:256, #437)

LAND: Montg Co Oh db H 603 and 646 {Ger misc LDS film notes in 1806 moved to W of Gtn adj Twin Creek on land later incl Conoveer's Mill] 
Emerick, Michael (I0748)
435 PRONI T808114724.

This is a Bill in Chancery, 21 Jan. 1679, concerning a suit regarding the Manor of
Corkeagh, Portlough Precinct, Raphoe Barony, which mentions a number of members
of the Galbraith family.

Rev. Humphrey Galbraith ofKilskeery, now dead. His only issue was 3 daughters;
Lettice, married to Michael Sampson, Mariana, married to Rev. John Leslie, and
Angel, married to William Wray.

James Galbraith (Snr.) now dead. He had 4 daughters, Rebecca, married to Rev.
Andrew Hamilton, Elizabeth, married to James Galbraith (Jnr), Angel or Agnes
married to Hugh Hamilton, ~ the widow 0f Robert Galbraith, now dead. He had son Jammes Galbraith, who was married to Elizabeth, daughter of James Galbraith (Snr.). It is not said whether Robert had any daughters. James(Jnr) and Elizabeth had 3 daughters mentioned in this document;
Jane, married to Archibald Richardson, Isabella, married to Rev. Andrew Hamilton
(Jnr.), and Anne, married to Rev. John Sinclair.

Humphrey, Robert and James (Snr.) were said to be brothers. A deed of 7th Aug. 1637 is mentioned, which is said to have the names James Galbraith, Humphrey Galbraith, Hugh Galbraith, William Galbraith and Robert Buchanan, though no
relationships are given.
Galbraith, Humphrey (I4245)
436 PRONI T808114724.

This is a Bill in Chancery, 21 Jan. 1679, concerning a suit regarding the Manor of
Corkeagh, Portlough Precinct, Raphoe Barony, which mentions a number of members
of the Galbraith family.
Rev. Humphrey Galbraith ofKilskeery, now dead. His only issue was 3 daughters;
Lettice, married to Michael Sampson, Mariana, married to Rev. John Leslie, and
Angel, married to William Wray.

James Galbraith (Snr.) now dead. He had 4 daughters, Rebecca, married to Rev.
Andrew Hamilton, Elizabeth, married to James Galbraith (Jnr), Angel or Agnes
married to Hugh Hamilton, ~ the widow 0f Robert Galbraith, now dead. He had son Jammes Galbraith, who was married to Elizabeth, daughter of James Galbraith (Snr.). It is not said whether Robert had any daughters. James(Jnr) and Elizabeth had 3 daughters mentioned in this document; Jane, married to Archibald Richardson, Isabella, married to Rev. Andrew Hamilton (Jnr.), and Anne, married to Rev. John Sinclair.

Humphrey, Robert and James (Snr.) were said to be brothers. A deed of 7th Aug. 1637 is mentioned, which is said to have the names James Galbraith, Humphrey Galbraith, Hugh Galbraith, William Galbraith and Robert Buchanan, though no
relationships are given.
of Rateine (later Magevelin), James Galbraith (I4242)
437 PRONI T808114724.

This is a Bill in Chancery, 21 Jan. 1679, concerning a suit regarding the Manor of
Corkeagh, Portlough Precinct, Raphoe Barony, which mentions a number of members of the Galbraith family.

Rev. Humphrey Galbraith of Kilskeery, now dead. His only issue was 3 daughters; Lettice, married to Michael Sampson, Mariana, married to Rev. John Leslie, and Angel, married to William Wray.

James Galbraith (Snr.) now dead. He had 4 daughters, Rebecca, married to Rev. Andrew Hamilton, Elizabeth, married to James Galbraith (Jnr), Angel or Agnes married to Hugh Hamilton, ~ the widow 0f Robert Galbraith, now dead. He had son Jammes Galbraith, who was married to Elizabeth, daughter of James Galbraith (Snr.). It is not said whether Robert had any daughters.
James(Jnr) and Elizabeth had 3 daughters mentioned in this document; Jane, married to Archibald Richardson, Isabella, married to Rev. Andrew Hamilton (Jnr.), and Anne, married to Rev. John Sinclair.

Humphrey, Robert and James (Snr.) were said to be brothers. A deed of 7th Aug. 1637 is mentioned, which is said to have the names James Galbraith, Humphrey Galbraith, Hugh Galbraith, William Galbraith and Robert Buchanan, though no
relationships are given.
of Ramoran, James Galbraith (I4244)
438 PRONI TI089152.

This is an indenture dated 13th Sept. 1676, which contains a transcript of the will of a
John Galbraith, Gent., late of Blessing bourne, Co. Tyrone, who died 12th July 1668.

In this will, he leaves his estate in Scotland to his eldest son, Robert, and divides his estate in Ireland between his wife (1/3) and other children, Arthur (2nd son) and daughters Jannett, Anne, Catherine and Isabella. James Galbraith of Rathmoran, County Fermanagh, was to be the oerseer of the will.
of Blessingbourne, John Galbraith (I4276)
439 Raised by David and Mary Newel Rankin, who had no children of their own.

Father was Thomas Murphy born about 1807. Mother was Mary ???, born about 1814. 
Murphy, Mary (I0557)
440 Regimental History: 103rd Pennsylvania Volunteers
Comments welcomed. E-mail to

Regimental Roster

This Regimental History, largely extracted from "History of the 103d Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry 1861-1865", is dedicated to the Soldiers of the regiment. Published in Chicago, 1910, Luther S. Dickey, Corporal of Company C wrote the original history with Sergeant Samuel Evans as Collaborator.

Regimental Position
The Regimental Badge embraces the badges of the Fourth and Eighteenth Army Corps. The badge of the Fourth Corps was a triangular patch; that of the Eighteenth was a patonce cross with floriated ends. The Fourth Corps was organized under General Order 101, March 13, 1862, along with the First, Second, and Third Corps and was officially discontinued in August 1862 following the "Peninsula Campaign". President Lincoln ordered that troops in the Department of North Carolina, that included the 103rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment within the Fourth Corps be organized into the Eighteenth Corps. That corps was discontinued December 3, 1864.


* Organized at Camp Orr, Kittanning, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania from August 1861 - February 24, 1862. The 78th Regiment had previously occupied this camp. Both regiments recruited from Allegheny, Armstrong, Butler, Clarion, Indiana, Mercer, Venango, and Westmoreland Counties.

* Participated in Spring 1862 "Peninsula Campaign" towards Richmond, Virginia.

* Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia May 4 - 7, 1862.

* Battle of Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks May 31, 1862.

* Seven Days' Battles

White Oaks to Harrison's Landing June 26, 1862 - July 3, 1862

* Harrison's Landing July 3 - 31, 1862

* Harrison's Landing to Blackwater Reconnaissance July 31 - December 4, 1862

* Suffolk, Virginia to New Bern, North Carolina

Battles of Kinston, Whitehall, and Goldsboro December 4 - 28, 1862

* New Bern - Hyde County Raids December 28, 1862 - March 13, 1863

* New Bern - Spinola Expedition Reconnaissance to Washington, North Carolina

March 13, 1863 to May 2, 1863

* New Bern to Plymouth, North Carolina May 2, 1863

Reconnaissance Jamesville, Williamston, Edenton, Windsor

May 2, 1863 - January 31, 1864

* "Veteranized" Re-enlistments January 1, 1864

* Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina April 17 - 20, 1864

* Plymouth to Andersonville, Georgia April 20 1864 - May 3, 1864

* Andersonville Prison May 3, 1864 - September 1864

* Charleston, South Carolina September 1864

* Florence Prison September 1864 - February 1865

Major Engagements:

* May 31, 1862, Seven Pines or Fair Oaks, east of Richmond, Virginia

* December 14, 1862, across the Neuse River at Kinston, North Carolina

* April 17 - 20, 1864, Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina



Site at Camp Orr, Kittanning, known as Armstrong County Fair Grounds, situated about a mile north of the town limits. Camp was inclosed by a high, tight board fence, and no one was permitted to leave, night or day, without a pass issued from Regimental headquarters. Many eagerly volunteered and gathered early. Much suffering occurred when the cold weather approached as the was government unable to furnish adequate clothing, camp, and garrison equipment. An appeal made to the congregation of the First Evangelical Lutheran Church of Pittsburgh and the surrounding country.

To hasten recruiting, Privates were given 10 furlough days with a promise of another, provided they each brought in one or more men with them for duty. A hundred were furloughed at a time. Otherwise, daily routine, confined to squad and company drill expanded to regimental drill and dress parade. Uniforms arrived in December.


Recruiting improved such that by January 1862, the regiment reported for duty with one company in excess and thereby was transferred to the Second Pennsylvania Cavalry. At 10:00 a.m., Monday, February 24, 1862, the regiment left Camp Orr, marched through Kittanning to Allegheny Valley Railway station and boarded freight cars to Pittsburgh. Unboarding in Pittsburgh, they marched to old City Hall for supper; reboarded train and arrived the next day at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. In Harrisburg, the following field officers were identified: Theodore F. Lehmann, Colonel; Wilson C. Maxwell, Lieutenant Colonel; Audley W. Gazzam, Major. While in Harrisburg at Camp Curtin, named for then Governor Curtin, the Regiment marched to the capitol building and during the afternoon, February 26, 1862, received their flag directly from the Governor. The regiment then traveled to Baltimore, and arrived in Washington March 3, 1862.

Assigned (Chain of Command) to the Second Brigade (Brigadier General William H. Keim who later died and was replaced by Brigadier General Henry W. Wessells), Third Division (Brigadier General Silas Casey), 4th Corps (Brigadier General Erasmus D. Keyes), Army of Potomac (Major General George B. McClellan), Regiment camped on Meridian Hill just north of W Street and between 14th and 16th Avenue now known as Columbia Heights, Washington, DC.

Beginning March 28, 1862, Regiment began "The Peninsula Campaign" by first marching across the "Long Bridge" to Alexandria, Virginia when about noon March 31, 1862, they boarded the transport "Hero" landing at Ft. Monroe, Virginia April 3, 1862. After remaining in camp a short while, near Hampton, Virginia, it moved forward and by the 16th of April, saw minimal action during the siege of Yorktown. The duty for a month was very severe for which exposure to the weather caused sickness and death. Beginning May 5, 1862, the regiment moved leading General Keim's Brigade and arrived upon the battlefield opposite the enemy forts at Williamsburg. Major Gazzam, in command, was directed to lead the regiment, by the left flank, along the Williamsburg Road, and reported to General Peck, at a point near the opening of the woods. It was immediately ordered into line and captured one of the enemy's flag. A part of the regiment had by accident, become separated from the head of the column and was soon brought up to the front. Under heavy fire, the regiment moved to the right of the road and into a thicket where it was held as a reserve to that part of the line. At dusk, it reported to General Devens and was placed on picket for the night. Early the following morning, it was discovered that the Confederates had fled, and Williamsburg became occupied. During the Battle of Williamsburg (May 5 - 7, 1862), the regiment became separated from their full complement of tents, knapsacks and blankets, and were exposed to wet and cold.

The regiment became heavily engaged in battle culminating in retreat May 31, 1862, after the Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks -- same battle; two different names. Controversy occurred related to this regiment reportedly "running from enemy fire." Following departure from Williamsburg, the regiment as part of Casey's Division moved forward, ahead of the army, crossed the Chickahominy and took position at Fair Oaks/Seven Pines. A portion of the regiment was posted on the picket line May 30, 1862. As the regiment was fortifying a position, a few minutes after noon, Saturday, May 31, 1862, three Confederate cannon balls flew overhead landing 3/4 mile to the rear. As it became evident that the Confederates were present in main force, General Casey ordered General Wessells to send the 103rd Pennsylvania Regiment forward to support the advanced Union pickets (guards). These pickets were 3/4 of a mile ahead of the redoubt (fortification containing several cannons). The regiment hurriedly moved forward with the various Companies filling numerous spots along the front. Members of the 103rd Regiment who were on the front lines were the closest any Union forces had come to the Confederate capital.

Upon arriving at the designated point and failing to receive further orders, Major Gazzam posted his men north of the Williamsburg Road. Their location was in the rear of the clearing, back of and to the right of the station, behind a ditch partially filled with water. Company B and G were placed south of the Williamsburg Road to protect the Union's left flank under the command of Captain George W. Gillespie. Learning that Confederate sharpshooters were felling the trees in Gillespie's front, Captain Gillespie was ordered to advance and clear them. This order was executed and only when overpowered by numbers, and after suffering severe losses did Captain Gillespie fall back to the main line. While forming these companies on the left of his command, Major Gazzam was thrown from his horse and stunned by the falling of a tree crushed by a cannon ball. Recovering himself he regained his position in line, when a volley, from the enemy advancing in its front, was received and the flag staff severed. The Regiment maintained its position until it was discovered an attack also pressed them from the right. Lieutenant Schott was ordered to half-wheel his company to protect the left flank, but the Confederates were reinforcing making support unavailable. Because his small force was unsupported, making it impossible to hold the ground any longer, Major Gazzam ordered the Companies to fall back slowly. Retiring through the woods, it came to a stand on a small cross-road and poured in a steady fire. However, the heavy Confederate force continued to press forward plainly displaying their battle flags to the Union troops. Adding to the horrors of its situation, the Union guns, posted in the earthworks opened fire and attempting to get the range of the Confederates fired into the Union troops. Major Gazzam, seeing that his men, between two fires, were falling fast, endeavored to lead back the remnant remaining, in order, but as fast as formed they were picked off, and yielding to a stern necessity, he was obliged to allow them to retire as best they could through the slashings. As they fell back quickly, the tangled undergrowth prevented the regiment from retiring in an orderly fashion and caused them to emerge from the woods fragmented. A portion of the men was rallied to dispute the Confederate passage to the right of the road, in front of the fortifications, and others joined the 92nd New York. Late in the day, those of the regiment who were fit for duty were placed in rifle pits, to the left of the road, where they remained until nightfall.

The Regimental flags nearly fell into Confederate hands since nearly all the color guard was either killed or wounded. Finally, Captain McDowell brought the colors off the field. The loss in the engagement was 84, killed and wounded. Captain George W. Gillespie and Lieutenant George D. Schott were among those killed.

Even though grossly exposed and unsupported, Casey's Division on the south bank of the Chickahominy River, just east of Richmond, Virginia held the overextended front line for three hours. They were heavily outnumbered by 20,000 to 5,000 before eventually being overwhelmed thereby permitting capture of Casey's redoubt. Nonetheless, the entire Division; the 103rd Pennsylvania Regiment in particular gained an undeserved poor fighting reputation.

General Casey described the battle appropriately: "If a portion of the division did not behave so well as could have been wished, it must be remembered to what a terrible ordeal they were subjected. Still, those that behaved discreditably were exceptional cases. It is true that the division after being nearly surrounded by the enemy and losing one-third of the number actually engaged, retreated to the second line. They would all have been prisoners of war had they delayed their retreat a few minutes longer. In my humble opinion from what I witnessed on the 31st, I am convinced that the stubborn and desperate resistance of my division saved the army on the right bank of the Chickahominy from a severe repulse, which might have resulted in a disastrous defeat."

After the battle, maintaining the left of the Union line, the brigade was posted at White Oak Swamp. There it immediately began fortifying even though they were exposed during the month of June to hot summer days and swampy conditions at night and were without blankets and but half clothed. One footnote from the Battle of Seven Pines, a Confederate Sergeant who was an aide-de-camp to Confederate General Joe Johnston was allegedly wounded in his right wrist and subsequently received a commission. That soldier, Henry Wirz, would eventually be held accountable for the sufferings at Andersonville Prison.

During the ensuing Seven Days Battle, the Regiment supported the "controlled" retreat by the Army of the Potomac from White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, to Harrison's Landing on the James River. This same regiment "had the privilege of standing in solid line of battle and witnessing McClellen's Army of the Potomac flee from an inferior force almost as badly disorganized as was the "rawest" division of the army on the afternoon of May 31, 1862. For two days, these discredited troops stood guard between the entire army and a victorious foe, and succeeded in bringing off in safety all the wagon trains of this army, and placing them at Harrison's landing two days after the battle of Malvern Hill. For 48 hours without sleep, except as it could be snatched by small groups here and there, a few minutes at a time; drenched to the skin and chilled to the marrow by the cold drizzling rain, covered with mire to the knees, though which they had waded in following the trail of the army; at times so close to the enemy that orders were communicated in whispers; this same little group of men was the last to take its position with the rest of the army, which it did about midnight July 3, 1862."

While at Harrison's Landing, reportedly, the first playing of "Taps" occurred. Also, on July 4, 1862, the Army of the Potomac was reviewed by the commanding General George B. McClellan, received enthusiastic cheers by all, except Casey's Division who remained silent as he passed. They could not cheer the man who had most unjustly heaped reproaches upon them for their part in the battle of Fair Oaks/Seven Pines. On the afternoon of the same day, the regiment marched out to the wood in front of the encampment, looking towards Malvern Hill, and began felling huge forest trees. A belt of 100 yards was made along the entire front. Behind the abattis, a breast work was constructed. The Army of the Potomac was visited by President Abraham Lincoln, July 8, 1862, for a review.

At the close of the Peninsula Campaign, the regiment had lost through casualties and sickness, nearly half of its original strength. Retreating east, by August 18, 1862, the regiment again went through Williamsburg this time through Yorktown and returning to Ft. Monroe, Virginia. Their records, supplies, and other essentials were shipped down the James River, but were lost when the vessel sunk. Later, the soldiers themselves would have to pay for replenishment. The Army of the Potomac was ordered to join General Pope upon the Rapidan. Wessells' Brigade was included, but at the last moment, the order was countermanded redirecting them to embark upon transports traveling to Norfolk. The remaining majority of the Army of the Potomac left the Peninsula eventually engaging in more notable battles at Antietam, Maryland, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and Petersburg, Virginia. Some remnants of the 4th Corps including the regiment stayed at Ft. Monroe until September 18, 1862, when they headed for Norfolk and Suffolk, Virginia. The autumn of 1862 saw the regiment involved in several expeditions and minor skirmishes in the Blackwater area of southern Virginia. Eventually, they left Suffolk, December 5, 1862, marching to the Chowan River and boarding the transport "Northerner." Arriving in New Bern, North Carolina, December 8, 1862, they joined the forces of General Foster who was about to move on an expedition into the interior.

Early on December 11, 1862, they began a march westward towards Goldsboro, North Carolina; defeated the Confederates December 14, 1862, across the Neuse River at Kinston, North Carolina and "behaved in an exemplary manner." During the expedition, the regiment met Confederate resistance at Kinston who were occupying a strong position upon a little rise considered impassable. There stood a church with a swamp in front thickly set with bushes and thorny vines. Other regiments of the expedition made several attempts against the Confederate lines without success. The 103rd Pennsylvania Regiment was called upon to make one more attempt to force a passage through the swamp. Under the rapid fire of the Confederate guns, they dashed in, waded through mud and water, cut impenetrable thicket of vines, and in less than half an hour, rallied on the opposite edge for a charge upon the rebel works. Without firing a gun it rushed forward and the Confederates, unprepared for an attack from that direction was quickly routed. As General Foster came up at the conclusion of the battle, he said to Colonel Lehmann, "You have a noble regiment, sir!"

They continued to advance the next day towards Whitehall. By the morning of December 17, 1862, within 2 - 3 three miles of Goldsboro, the regiment formed a battle line overlooking the target (the railroad line and bridge). Their mission was to cutoff supplies between the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia and the rest of the South. Bridges and railroad lines were often cut and quickly rebuilt during the war. Upon successful completion of their mission, the regiment began their return to New Bern, North Carolina arriving December 21, 1862, and camping east of the Trent River until February 2, 1863.


During their stay in New Bern, they engaged in several raids and expeditions as part of the US designs of preventing or disrupting the Confederates use of the North Carolina ports. While there, General Henry Wessells became assigned to command the district of the Albemarle, with headquarters at Plymouth, North Carolina. His brigade consisted initially of the 101st Pennsylvania, 103rd Pennsylvania, 85th, 92nd, and 96th New York and later included the 16th Connecticut. The 103rd Pennsylvania Regiment left New Bern, North Carolina May 2, 1863, aboard the transport "Thomas Collyer" and arrived the next day at Plymouth, North Carolina. Located on the Roanoke River near the Albemarle Sound, the town of Plymouth with a population of less than 500 had an established Customs House. Thus, it gained importance as an area for coastal trading and a shipping point. Because low grounds extending for many miles around Plymouth caused a limit on the avenues of approach with most of those being impassable, the only avenue of supply to Plymouth was by water. To keep the supply channels open one company from each regiment went to Roanoke Island.

The residents of Plymouth like many North Carolina citizens were drawn into the Rebellion by the leaders of North Carolina. They were friendly towards the US facilitating a peaceful occupation by the first Union forces who arrived in early 1862. By December 10, 1862, however, the first of three battles for Plymouth occurred when Confederate forces attacked. The battle involved significant street fighting. Resulting largely from the firings of the Union gunboats, a fire occurred which burnt much of the town leaving barely a dozen buildings. Confederate forces also caused some burning to discourage refugees from going to Plymouth.

By the time the regiment arrived, May 3, 1863, the town looked rather desolate. The regiment pitched camp and began building defensive fortifications around what remained of the town. A set of earthworks (walls built out of dirt) pretty much connected four forts. In the center, Fort Williams employed three thirty pounder cannons. Placement of the other forts, Comfort, Wessells, and Gray formed a small semi-circle around the town. While in Plymouth, the regiment conducted several expeditions often making use of the Roanoke River for transportation. August 8, 1863, the regiment received their Springfield rifles replacing their Austrian muskets.


Re-enlistment January 1, 1864, promised large sums of money and a furlough home; many soldiers became "Veterans." The previous year included numerous rumors about a formidable ironclad boat named "Albemarle" being built on the Roanoke River. The early months of 1864 included a feeling that General Wessells, Commander at Plymouth, North Carolina and Naval Commander Charles W. Flusser would be able to "handle the boat." Most of the Union soldiers were looking forward to the promised 30 day furlough having received new clothing; a neat appearance home was of utmost concern. That spring, the Regimental flag was sent north to have battle honors added. Up the river at Tarboro, North Carolina, within supporting distance, a division of the Rebel army was posted, under General George Pickett; of Gettysburg fame.

In March a carpenter who worked on the Albemarle and deserted from the Confederate army. He reported the craft was prepared to sail supporting a large land force readying to attack Plymouth simultaneously with the ironclad attacking the Union fleet. Reported to General Peck, in command of the department, and to General Butler, in command of the army, with request for reinforcements; no aid was sent.

April 17, 1864, US General Ulysses S. Grant decreed the ceasing of prisoner exchanges. His reasoning was that exchanging of prisoners benefited the Confederacy since those soldiers would typically rejoin units and resume fighting against the Union. The Union soldiers were often broken down in health from poor prison treatment making them incapable of rejoining the fight. About 4 p.m. Sunday afternoon that same ideal spring day the weather was neither too hot nor too cool, in Plymouth, North Carolina. Soldiers who were not on duty were in their tents awaiting the call for dress parade, writing letters home, or talking about their anticipated visits home. The second battle for Plymouth, North Carolina began when a few shots were fired "in advance of" the picket lines. The US cavalry on the Washington Road (present day Wilson Road) was attacked and pushed back. It quickly became apparent this was more than an ordinary picket raid as frequently encountered.

Accompanying the initial assault was the firing upon Fort Gray, just above the town on the Roanoke River. Upon daybreak Monday, April 18, 1864, cannonading resumed on Fort Gray; continued for several hours, and then resumed in the afternoon.

On a moonlit night about 3:00 a.m., Tuesday, April 19, 1864, the Confederates again opened fire on Fort Gray during which time the ironclad Albemarle slipped by and subsequently sunk the US gunboat "Southfield" and in the process killed Commander Flusser. The remainder of the US gunboat fleet fled the Roanoke for the safety of the Albemarle Sound, leaving the Union forces at Plymouth surrounded. Upon pressing the battle, the Confederate forces caused the complete surrender of approximately 2800 Union forces by General Wessells between 10 - 11 a.m. Wednesday, April 20, 1864.

Following capture, the prisoners were corralled nearby. Within days, they began a march towards Tarboro, North Carolina passing near Williamston reaching Hamilton, North Carolina by April 23, 1864. Monday, April 25, 1864, they reached the bank of Tar River near the Tarboro Bridge. Embarking upon a train Friday, April 29, 1864, the prisoners left Tarboro, stopping at Goldsboro and Wilmington, North Carolina and arriving in Charleston, South Carolina Sunday, May 1, 1864. They stayed for a couple of hours before boarding open flatbed train cars and departing. The train went through Savannah and Macon, before reaching Andersonville, Georgia (Camp Sumpter) between 9 - 10 p.m., May 2, 1864. Officers were sent to Macon, Georgia and later employed as human shields at Charleston, South Carolina. The next morning Tuesday, May 3, 1864, Captain Henry Wirz made his appearance; by early afternoon, about 400 members of the regiment entered the stockade. Within months, the overcrowded prison would breakdown men and take many lives. "The haggard distressed countenance of these miserable, complaining, dejected, living skeletons, crying for medical aid and food, and cursing their government for its refusal to exchange prisoners, and the ghastly corpses, with their glazed eyeballs staring up into vacant space, with the flies swarming down their open and grinning mouths, and over their clothes infested with numerous lice, as they lay amongst the sick and dying, formed a picture of helpless, hopeless misery, which it would be impossible to portray by words or by the brush."

As US General William Tecumseh Sherman was advancing towards and eventually capturing Atlanta, Georgia September 2, 1864, the Confederates needed to relocate the 30,000 Union prisoners. Their fear was that General Sherman would liberate these soldiers and suddenly increase his military manpower; however weakened their condition. Some members of the regiment may have left between the 10th and 12th of September. In large the surviving members of the regiment within Andersonville "had bid adieu to Andersonville on the 10th day of September [1864]" .

A group of 1380 prisoners packed 60 to a railway car were sent from there under heavy guard. The train arrived following morning at 2 a.m. in Macon, Georgia, then Augusta, Georgia, at 4 p.m., and finally arrived in Charleston, South Carolina on the morning of September 12, 1864. There, they were unloaded and marched into the fairgrounds (race course) and stayed until October. September 13, 1864, orders were issued prohibiting additional prisoners being sent to Charleston, South Carolina because of the breakout within their ranks of small pox, yellow fever, and widespread starvation. While confining the regiment in Charleston, the Confederates were constructing a prison site at Florence, South Carolina.

By the middle of October, the 17 usable acres at this prison held over 12,000 Union prisoners. "The great majority of them look emaciated and sickly and are full of vermin, and filthy in the extreme. Three-fourths of them are without blankets and almost without clothing. Few have a change of underclothing. As a consequence, there is a great deal of suffering these cool nights and much additional sickness must follow. Most of them have erected temporary shelters, which will protect them to some extent from rain and dew until better shelters can be constructed. The principal diseases are scurvy and diarrhea, which carry off from twenty to fifty per day".

Meanwhile, during the night of October 27, 1864, the third and final battle for Plymouth, North Carolina occurred with the sinking of the Albemarle by Navy Lieutenant William B. Cushing. Following the sinking of the Albemarle, the Navy took possession of Plymouth, November 1, 1864, and the Union held it for the remainder of the war.


As US General William Tecumseh Sherman continued his march through the South, his advance near Florence, South Carolina cut the last railroad link to the area February 15, 1865. Among much confusion the Confederate officials attempted to move all able-bodied prisoners to various locations such as Salisbury and Goldsboro, North Carolina where they were paroled through the Union lines. By February 22, 1865, the fall of Wilmington, North Carolina to the Union forces permitted this town to be included as a release point. Charles Mosher, 85th New York Regiment who shared many battles and travels with the regiment "reported that the survivors of Andersonville, Charleston, and Florence, typically mere skeletons, were ordered to pack haversacks, board a crowded boxcar headed for freedom. About 3 p.m. March 1, "tears flowed freely, couldn't help it," as the emaciated veterans reached Union lines near Wilmington, North Carolina and were helped out by men of the 25th Michigan. Glimpsing the Stars and Stripes for the first time in over 300 days, some of the men found strength enough to walk towards a grove of trees, flop to the ground and savor a cup of coffee and the once detested hardtack."

February 1865: "And by the end of the month, the Florence camp was silent."


In an official ceremony in 1866, the Regimental flag was returned to the regiment. It may now be viewed by appointment through the Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee, Capitol Annex Building, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Casualty Statistics:

Only seven Pennsylvania Regiments are credited in "Regimental Losses" with more deaths, during the war, than the 103rd Regiment. A greater number of the original organization of the Regiment; initially numbered slightly less than one thousand; died in the service, than that of any other regiment.

During Battle of Plymouth, 24 Officers, 461 Men were either killed, wounded, or missing (POWs).

First fatality -- Adam H. Marsh, Private, Company F fell from train between Pittsburgh and Harrisburg.

Compiled by: Evan K. Slaughenhoupt, Jr. (

1st Lieut. James H Chambers, Company F

Sergt. John S. Moorhead, Company F

Pvt Lemeul H. Slagle, Company F

Capt. Josiah Zink, Company F

References - Main Sources:

Dickey, 103rd Regimental History

Civil War Letters

National Archives Soldier's Certificates

"To the Gates of Richmond", Stephen W. Sears, Ticknor & Fields, NY 1992

"Charlie Mosher's Civil War", Wayne Mahood, Longstreet House, 1991

"Andersonville", William Marvel, University of North Carolina Press, 1994

"The Plymouth Pilgrims", Wayne Mahood, Longstreet House, 1991

Andersonville Prison Records

"Notes on the Confederate Stockade of Florence, South Carolina 1864-1865", Walter D. Woods

"History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-65", Samuel P. Bates, Vol 3, 1869-71
Pence, George (I3742)
441 Resided in Goochland County, Virginia and Albermarle County, Virginia.
Mary Ann's land in 1742. Source Goochland County, Virginia Book 4, page 36. 
Gass, James (I0228)
442 Resided in Sligo, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, in 1930 with wife, Mae Hutchinson, and son Connell Miller, age 22. Was a Physican, owned real estate valued at $7,000. Was born in Pennsylvania as were his parents. Mary was born in Iowa, her father in Ohio and her mother in Indiana. (Source - Federal Census for Pennsulvania, Clarion County, enumerated on April 10, 1930)

The 1910 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Enumerated on April 20, 1910 lists the same information as that in the 1930 Census above except that the location of the residence is Miller's Grove, Sligo and Mae is listed as having one child, still alive. 
Miller, Dr. John B. (I3695)
443 Reuben Stewart(6/8/1835 - 4/2/1911) - m. 10/19/1857, Rufena Crick (2/23/1840 - 1/11/1933)

"Reuben Stewart admired Rufena Crick's ability to see the funny side of the world and her loyalty to her family. They were married in 1857 and lived on one of his father's farms near Rimersburg, Pa. All of his brothers and sisters lived near. On September 16, 1858, Margaret Ann Stewart was bom. There were six children by the year 1869 and two more were bom in Nebraska. For some reason, the Reuben Stewart family did not prosper like his brothers' and sisters' families, the children were poorly dressed and presents or toys were rare. Came the time when his friends and relatives talked of going to Nebraska to take up homesteads and Reuben was all for going too. In vain, the father and brothers tried to dissuade him. Reuben went to Columbus, Nebraska with the friends, but would not locate there. Alone, he travelled to Fillmore Co., where he took a claim two miles east of Geneva.
They sold their few belongings, and with their children started west in 1874. The children had never been far from home, and were amazed and frightened. At Pittsburgh, PA, as they were hurrying across the tangle of tracks Allen (the second child) dropped the lunch box he was carrying, and much of the food kind relatives had provided, tumbled on the ground. In spite of the switching engines and his mother's high-pitched, scolding voice, Allen hastily retrieved the food. May and Jimmy cried in fright when the puffing engine stopped at the station, and the older children wished they were back home again. After a long tiresome trip, they arrived at Lincoln; there they parted from their Columbus friends. At the end of the long journey, the little house seemed very tiny, and the treeless prairie was almost unbearably lonesome.

The old well with its rope and bucket, interested the younger children, and they argued about how to let the bucket back into the well. William declared it was put in upside down, and it would turn over at the bottom of the well. Susie spent long hours drawing water, as it was her duty to have plenty of water for the tired horses when they came from the fields. A mail carrier from Deweese to Geneva was in the habit of stopping his horses each Tuesday and Friday. He always reached the farm just before noon, before the thirsty horses came from the fields. His horses would drain the log trough, then Susie would have to fill it again. One day the disgruntled Susie drew the water in buckets and tubs and hid it. When the lazy carrier saw the trough empty, he swore, drove on and never stopped again.

There was a country school, District 3, about a mile and a half away. Many of the Stewart grandchildren and great grandchildren attended this school and two of Reuben Stewart's daughters taught there.

The nearest neighbors lived about a half a mile south, and the young man and his sisters soon called and offered any neighborly assistance. 'Don't they have a funny name!', William remarked, 'sounds like bedstead.' And bedstead it was until their father threatened to thrash them if he heard them say 'Bedstead' again. The neighbor's name was 'Heiderstadt' and Susie married the young man.

The Stewarts lost their homestead farm and moved to a farm northwest of Ohiowa where on July 11, 1881, Maude Elizabeth Stewart, the youngest child in the family was born. Later the Stewart family moved to Grafton for several years, then in 1885 they moved to a homestead near Maywood, Nebraska, and in 1903 they moved to Red Cloud where they lived for two years moving again in 1905 to Wymore where they were living in 1911 when Reuben Stewart died. Rufena died in 1933 and both parents are buried in the cemetery at Geneva, Nebraska. Rufena had lived with her children after her husband's death and she related this history to Grace Heiderstadt while she was visiting witJ:I her daughter Susan Hiederstadt's family."

"Rufena Crick was born near Rimersburg, PA, on February 23, 1840. Her parents and grandparents were Pennsylvania Dutch from Northampton Co., PA, and both were pioneer settlers in Clarion Co., Pa. Her parents were John Crick who had married Elizabeth Snyder. John Crick's parents were Adam Crick who had married Mary Hammer and Elizabeth Snyder's parents were George Snyder who had married Margaret Siple. Rufena Crick had three brothers Sylvester, Solomon, David - and six sisters - Lydia Lavina Baker, Jane, Sarah, Mary Alice Stants, Linnie Crick, and Catherine. Rufena was 12 years old before she could speak the English language. Her father and brothers were farmers and miners. She was taught to sew, spin, weave and cook, when very young. She had a lovely voice as did all her brothers and sisters, and the most enjoyed entertainment were the singing schools. Whenever a leader was to be selected, the motto was 'Choose a Crick or Flick', as both families were noted for their beautiful voices. Rufena was more like her quick-tempered Dutch father than like her gentle low-spoken mother. Rufena went to a revival meeting, and was very much ashamed when she suspected that the guarded laughter was caused by her ability to speak only Dutch.

(Source - Frontier Families of Toby Township by Heber Rankin, Janice Yingling, Edditor, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 1995) 
Stewart, Reuben (I0447)
444 Richard A. Stewart

Richard Alan Stewart, 77, died as a result of an accident at his home in Broadway on Sunday, Aug. 29, 2004.

He was born Dec. 15, 1926, in Parkers Landing, Pa. He graduated from Mercersburg Academy after which he obtained a degree in electrical engineering from Northwestern University in 1947. He served in the Navy V-12 program during World War II and received an honorable discharge.

Mr. Stewart worked for IBM from 1947 until his retirement in 1981. He was part of the team that built the first computer in IBM's Poughkeepsie plant. He lived in New York and Omaha before settling in Bethesda. Md. In 1973, he received an MBA from George Washington University. He moved to the Shenandoah Valley following his retirement.

He was active in the Broadway Presbyterian Church, serving as an elder. He began the Food Pantry at the church, and also served as chairman of the board of the Blue Ridge Area Food Bank. He made two mission trips to Ethiopia and one to Haiti under the auspices of the Presbyterian Church (USA). Mr. Stewart was the driving force behind the Plains Area Day Care Center, having seen the need for affordable day care in the valley.

At the time of his death, Mr. Stewart was a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Broadway Presbyterian Church, and the Alumni Council of Mercersburg Academy.

He is survived by his wife of 56 years, Sara Stevens Stewart; a brother, William C. Stewart of Wilmington, N.C.; three daughters and sons-in-law, Leslie and Riley Sebers of Linville, Katy and Dave Culp of Alexandria, and Sally and Phil Boucher of Dayton, Va. Also surviving are four grandchildren, Sarah and Beth Culp and Nicholas and Timothy Boucher.

The family will receive visitors on Thursday, Sept. 2, from 6-8 p.m. at Grandle Funeral Home in Broadway. A memorial service will be officiated by the Revs. Sarah Hill and Don Allen on Friday, Sept. 3, at 5 p.m. at Broadway Presbyterian Church.

Memorial contributions may be made to the Broadway Presbyterian Church, 107 East Lee Street, Broadway, VA 22815, or the Plains Area Day Care Center, 12059 Daphnia Road, Broadway, VA 22815.
Stewart, Richard Alan (I1889)
445 Richard Alan Stewart is the author of "Pennsylvania Footprints, A Stewart-Buente Family History". It is a private edition.

This is a very scholarly work. Richard was the first individual that I know who identified that the property (lot # 578) purchased by Lieutenant William Stewart in Mercer County, Pennsylvania in 1788 was from a Private Liggins who was in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Lieutentant William did not receive a donation land as Militia veterans were not entitled to such grants.

He also pointed out and discussed in some detail the purchase of 29 and 1/2 acres in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1790 and subsequent sale in 1804 and the move to Mercer County.

Richard also discussed the issue of George Washington and the Convenanter Squatters in Washington County, Pennsylvania. There is some speculation that our Lieutenant William Stewart was one of the 13 individuals involved in this dispute and subsequent lawsuit that was won by George Washington. This matter is covered in detail at several other locations on this site.
(Note to File - JP Rhein)  
Stewart, Richard Alan (I1889)
446 Richard Charles Cole, 82, of Shippenville, died Thursday, April 10, 2008, in his home.

Born June 26, 1925, in Sligo, -he was the son or Charles W. Cole, who died in 1937, and Myrtle F. McKinney Cole, who died in 1989.

Mr. Cole attended Sligo public schools.

He enlisted in the United States Navy in 1943 and during his three years was a flight engineer on a PBM Search and Rescue Navy aircraft that patrolled , the east coast for submarines,
the Caribbean area and the famous Bermuda Triangle. He , was stationed at the Banana River Naval Air Station in Florida.

After his discharge in 1946, from the Navy, he attended Kent State University on the GI bill and graduated in 1950 with a bachelor of science degree in business administration.

Mr. Cole was a partner in the insurance firn of Gelvin, Jackson and Starr< Inc. in Meadville
and retired in 1982.

He was a member of the Meadville Rotary Gub and the Meadville Chamber of Commerce. He also served as president and educational chairman - of the Crawford County Life Underwriters.

As a resident of Woodcock Township, Mr. Cole served on the Penncrest School Board and
was a member of the Woodcock Planning and Zoning Commission. He also was a member of the American Legion Post in Meadville and Clarion.

After retiring, he and his wife traveled extensively with the Wally Byham Airstream Group and also belonged to the Pennwood Airstream Park in Limestone and the Travelers Rest Park in Florida.

Mr. Cole was affiliated with the Presbyterian Church' in Meadville and Sligo.

He was married in 1946 to Lois E. Hottel of Warren, Pa., and she survives. Also surviving are a daughter, Cynthia M. Fowler and husband, Don, of Rock Hill, S.C.; three sons, Daniel R. Cole and wife, Faye, of Saegertown, Stephen C. Cole and wife, Marsha, of Jamestown, N.Y., and Jeffrey A. Cole and wife, Sharon, of Richmond, Va; seven grandchildren; and 11 great¬grandchildren. He also is survived by a sister, Charlotte Heeter and husband, John, of Knox.

There win be no visitation. A memorial service will be held at the convenience .of the family. .
Intennent will be in the Sligo Cemetery.
The Goble Funeral Home and Crematory in Clarion is in charge of arrangements.
(Source - The Derrick, Oil City, Pennsylvania, Friday, April 1, 2008.) 
Cole, Richard Charles (I3970)

"Robert and James Galbraith, sons of John Galbraith of Ireland, came to the New World in 1718. Both Robert and James settled in areas that are now part of the metropolitan area of Harrisburg, Pa. In most research Robert and his descendants have been confused with the descendants of the better known brother, James. For years children historian William H. Egle's book PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGIES has been the most accepted authority on the Galbraiths; however, his research is riddled with errors. Researchers have spent manyyears doing research to straighten out all the misidentification of the Pennsylvania Galbraiths. In the last issue of The RedTower I presented a sketch of James Galbraith and his descendants that I extracted from Jean Harriger's articles in earlier issues of The RedTower. The following is a sketch of Robert Galbraith and his descendants from the same source." (Source - Editor, The Red Tower, Volume XXI, No. 3, March 2000) (Details posted to Family Tree Maker by J.P. Rhein)
Galbraith, Robert (I0340)
448 Robert Hume, who m. Anne, daughter of Dr. Mitchelson, Laird of Brackness, and grand-daughter of Sir Bruce Semple, of Cathcart, by whom he had a son,
Thomas Hume, esq. who succeeded his uncle in Ireland, and purchased the estate of Humewood, in the county of Wicklow, which he settled in 1704 on his eldest son; dividing his property in the county of Cavan amongst his younger children. He married, first, Miss Jane Lauder, of the county of Leitrim; and, secondly, Elizabeth Galbraith, widow of Hugh Galbraith, of St. Johnstown, in the county of Longford. By the first only he had issue, viz. i. William, his heir. II. George, died young. and Robert, ancestor of the Humes of Lisanure Castle, in the county of Cavan, and of Cariga, in Leitrim, and of the Humes of Dublin. Mr. Hume died in 1718, and was suceeded by his eldest son,
William Hume, esq. of Humewood, who m. Anna, daughter of John Dennison, esq. of the city of Dublin, and had two sons and four daughters, viz.
i. George, his heir.
ii. Dennison, who died without issue.?
Anna was the granddaughter of Major John Dennison (1620-1693). She married William Hume in St Bride?s church in Dublin in 1704. (Source - Furnished by Barry Bradfield) 
Hume, Robert (I9814)
449 Robert Morris McKinney and Nancy May Hartman are the foster parents of Floyd L. McKinney born January 29, 1909. According to the 1920 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Floyd is residing with them in Sligo, Clarion County, Pennsylvania. McKinney, Robert Morris (I2243)
450 Robert Stewart, born about 1622, has not. been biographed, beyond an assertion of a family historian that he never married. We cannot be sure of this, because, in the rivalry for preferment, men are prone to obliterate possible contenders. Robert's father was rich, owning a number of farms in the counties of Tyrone and Donegal, and as likely as not he gave or willed one of these to Robert in fee simple, and Robert lived the life of a landed gentleman. (Source - Stewart Clan Magazine, Tome H, Volume 57, Number 6, December 1959)
Stewart, Robert (I1987)

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